Based on a concept of human rights commitment that includes both a cognitive (rejection of human rights
restrictions) and an affective component (concern for the victims of human rights violations), the present paper uses Latent-
Class Analysis in order to differentiate different forms of consistent and inconsistent human rights orientations, and relates them
to participants’ assessments of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
The results of the study indicate that a consistent human rights commitment promotes pacifism, reduces moral disengagement
and counteracts anti-Palestinian as well as anti-Zionist and anti-Semitic attitudes. At the same time, however, it exerts pressure
to take a position on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, it supports partisanship for the Palestinians, and it strengthens the tendency
to dramatize foreign affairs and to call for action against Israeli policy. Nonetheless, it reduces the tendency to a one-sided
attribution of guilt to Israel and decreases anti-Israeli attitudes that are directed against Jews in general and/or
restrict the rights of the Jews.